President Joe Biden's first day in the White House involved the signing of more than a dozen executive orders that included immigration changes, a federal COVID-19 response, and ending numerous orders issued under his predecessor, President Donald Trump.
Biden signed 14 executive orders on his first day in office, though there are at least five other items that were reported to be on the way to receiving the president's approval.
A further 10 executive orders specifically related to COVID-19 are due to follow in the coming days.
Here are the orders he signed Wednesday, as well as others he's expected to sign Thursday:
1. Stop border wall construction: President Trump promised to build a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border, and that work will be stopped with Biden's signature. Read the order here.
2. End "Muslim travel ban": Trump signed an executive order in 2017 that made it difficult for citizens of 13 counties, including Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen, to travel to the United States. Read the order here.
3. Rejoin Paris Climate Agreement: The treaty among 196 nations aims to slow down global warming. The U.S. was part of the agreement under President Barack Obama, but President Trump announced plans to pull the U.S. out of the accord in 2017, and he officially did so the day after the November 2020 election. Biden bringing America back into the treaty will take 30 days.
5. Count non-citizens in U.S. Census: This means districts in America where undocumented immigrants are living would count those individuals in the Census, which can directly affect how much federal funding a district is afforded. Read the order here.
6. Rejoin the World Health Organization: President Trump began the process of withdrawing the U.S. from the United Nations and subsequently the WHO in July, and Biden's executive order will put Trump's order on ice.
7. 100 Days Masking Challenge: The challenge will be a nationwide effort that mandates face masks be worn in all federal buildings at all times. Read the order here.
8. Extend eviction, foreclosure moratoriums: This makes it illegal for landlords to evict renters who don't pay dues, an effort that was first implemented in the early days of the pandemic in America. The current eviction and foreclosure moratorium expires at the end of January, with Biden expected to ask the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to extend it through March. This order has not been signed, only reported to be happening.
9. Student loan repayment pause: This executive action by Biden will extend the pause on federal student loan repayments, of which interest also does not accrue. The pause was announced in March 2020 by the U.S. Department of Education and has been extended ever since, though it was set to expire at the end of January. This order has not yet been signed.
10. Defend "Dreamers" program: The order "preserves and fortifies" the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) enacted under President Obama, which defers the removal of undocumented immigrants brought to the U.S. as children, known as "Dreamers." His wider immigration plan, if approved, would streamline the pathway to citizenship for Dreamers down from 13 years to 8, and would allow them to immediately apply for a Green Card. Read the order here.
11. Change ICE priorities: Under this Biden instruction, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) will have to narrow guidelines for arresting and deporting immigrants, according to CBS News. Read the order here.
12. Protections for Liberians in the U.S.: Liberian immigrants will have work permits extended and deportation protections, per CBS News. Eligible Liberians' Green Card applications also must be expedited through a program passed by Congress in 2019. Minnesota is home to one of the largest populations of Liberians in the U.S. Read the order here.
13. Restructure federal COVID coordination: This will see Biden bring back the "Directorate for Global Health Security and Biodefense" group that was in place under President Obama. The group's role is to keep the U.S. prepared in the event of global health crises, like the COVID pandemic. The group was shut down by President Trump. Read the order here.
14. Advance racial equity through federal government: Every federal agency will be tasked with reviewing racial equity. Read the order here.
15. Workplace protections based on sexual orientation and gender identity: According to CBS News, "this broadens the federal protections against sex discrimination to include LGBTQ Americans." Read the order here.
16. Freeze last-minute Trump administration regulatory actions: Because Democrats have control of the House and Senate, Biden essentially has the power to use the Congressional Review Act to overturn regulations ordered in Trump's final six months, though a formal vote for each overturn would be needed. Read the order here.
17. Formulate executive branch ethics doctrine: Every member of the executive branch would be required to sign an ethics pledge. Read the order here.
18. Modernizing regulatory review: This order updates a process, that when carried out properly, "can help to advance regulatory policies that improve the lives of the American people." Read the order here.
19. Revoke Trump federal regulations: This order revokes certain federal regulation orders implemented under Trump. Read the order here.