Minneapolis City Council has voted to pass the contentious 2040 development plan that is expected to herald major changes in the city's residential neighborhoods over the next two decades.
The plan will bring an end to single-family zoning across the city, with triplexes now permitted to be built on land previously designated for single-family homes.
Property on frequent transit routes that are further from downtown will now be permitted to house multi-family units of between 1-4 stories, while those on transit routes closer to downtown can go 2-6 stories. Mandatory off-street parking for multi-family unit developments is also being abolished.
The plan was passed by a 10-1 vote in the council on Friday morning, with the zoning changes taking effect on Jan. 1.
The sole vote against it was Linea Palmisano, whose ward in the affluent southwest of the city has seen the most pushback against the plan.
Mayor Jacob Frey however said that the passage of the comprehensive plan will help the city boost affordable housing and tackle "intentional segregation in neighborhoods across our city."
"Our landmark 2040 Comprehensive Plan helps advance those goals by tackling our city’s long history of exclusionary zoning while laying the groundwork for stronger transit, climate, and inclusive development policies," he said.
"I commend my colleagues on the City Council for approving the plan and look forward to continuing our good work together."
Supporters of the 2040 plan say it will not only increase affordable housing and reduce racial inequality, but increase transit use and reduce carbon emissions, as those looking for affordable property can stay in the city rather than look to the suburbs.
But the anti-2040 movement fears that it will irrevocably change the look of the city's residential areas, and argue that it's developers and corporations who stand to benefit from the loosening of zoning restrictions, as they have the money to buy up land and turn properties into rental units.
It also claims the policy is agist by prioritizing transit use, biking and walking over car use, saying that some have mobility issues that require the use of a personal vehicle.
You can find more details about the plan here.