Minneapolis held steady at No. 3 on a newly released list of most-literate cities, and St. Paul fell from No. 6 to No. 7, USA Today reports.
Minnesota's biggest city was again topped by Washington, D.C., and Seattle in the annual ranking done by Central Connecticut State University President John Miller. Minneapolis has been stuck at No. 3 behind the same two cities for the last five years, after a No. 1 ranking in 2008.
For the study, Miller focuses on big cities (over 250,000 population) and considers factors that include: number of bookstores, library resources, Internet use, educational levels and newspaper circulation. Here are past rankings going back to 2005.
St. Paul dropped a spot, apparently due to a surging Atlanta, which jumped from No. 8 to No. 4 this year.
USA Today reports that Miller's request to anyone who questions his ranking is: "Show me the data."
Last year, Miller said his study is designed to move attention away from school test scores and put it more on "how much people are reading, and where are they reading the most".