Updated:
Original:

The arguments for and against 'sanctuary cities' in the U.S.

It's an issue that's as complex as it is divisive. We take a look at the pros and cons of sanctuary cities.
Author:

The mayors of Minneapolis and St. Paul are among the leaders to have pushed back against the Trump administration's threat to withdraw federal funding to "sanctuary cities."

The new president signed an executive order this week forcing so-called sanctuary cities to turn over immigrants in the country illegally to federal authorities in the event they are arrested or they'll lose their federal funding.

The order and subsequent opposition from some city leaders highlights that this is a divisive and complex issue, so GoMN has taken a look at the arguments on both sides of the debate.

What is a sanctuary city?

The term is a broad one and has no formal definition under law, but in essence it sees a jurisdiction – such as a city or county – limit its cooperation with federal immigration enforcement, CBS News notes.

This can be achieved in different ways. For example, a city's police force will not stop somebody purely to determine their immigration status, or won't ask about their immigration status if they are stopped for an unrelated offense.

And if an immigrant to the country – whether legally or illegally – is arrested by the police, these jurisdictions may ignore Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE) requests to turn them over to determine their status, or see if they are in violation of their visa/green card.

The Pioneer Press explains Minneapolis and St. Paul have policies in place that prevent police detaining someone just to find out if they're in the country illegally, but they don't block police from turning over suspects in custody to immigration authorities.

Arguments for sanctuary cities

It helps with crime reporting/builds community links: Someone who is in the country illegally may fear questions will be asked of their legal status if they report a crime, NewsMax reports.

Someone, even legal residents, may also be less likely to report a crime to the police – about say, an abusive family member – if the criminal is in the country illegally and could be deported as a result, it's argued.

The Major Cities Chiefs Association says "immigrants residing in our cities must be able to trust the police and all of the city government," according to USA Today, and having sanctuary policies in place helps foster this trust with immigrant communities.

It can stretch resources: This report by the Congressional Research Service found that some jurisdictions have sanctuary rules because their law officers would otherwise be expending time and resources carrying out immigration checks that are ultimately the remit of the federal government.

Supporters of sanctuary cities argue that ordering local authorities to comply with federal immigration enforcement violates the 10th Amendment, which CNBC notes gives local governments the right not to enforce federal mandates.

They may be safer? This is a point of contention, but FBI figures have found that jurisdictions with so-called "sanctuary" policies actually have lower rates of all types of crime than cities without them, as reported by the Washington Post.

What hasn't been determined yet is the reason for this. Cities that have sanctuary rules also tend to have less poverty, which affects crime rates, but the analysis also suggests that sanctuary rules encourage cooperation between police and communities, arguably lowering the potential for crime.

Arguments against sanctuary cities

Illegal immigration is ... well, illegal: Most obviously, the people who are in the country illegally – whether by entering the country unlawfully, or overstaying their visa – are breaking federal law.

The Centers for Immigration Studies argue that ICE shouldn't be obstructed from carrying out their enforcement remit.

Impact on resources: While enforcing immigration laws could impact police resources, allowing immigrants in the country illegally to live in your county/city could have an impact on local budgets.

Although there's no consensus figures on the costs of having unauthorized immigrants in a city, a study by the Congressional Budget Office did say they paid less in taxes than they received through state and local services. However this same study didn't look into the positive economic impacts of these immigrants generated by their spending.

Nonetheless, this is pertinent in the Twin Cities where Minneapolis and St. Paul allows residents – whether legal or illegal – to access certain city services, including some health services.

A 'safe haven' for criminals? The 2015 killing of a San Francisco woman by a convicted felon in the country illegally has been used as an argument among anti-sanctuary city advocates for local police to assist federal authorities.

Critics of sanctuary cities, such as former ICE assistant secretary Julie Myers Wood, claim they create "safe havens" for criminals who find it easier to remain undetected. She told CNN they "provide an environment helpful to Latin American drug cartels, gangs and terrorist cells."

The question is whether this is borne out by statistics. The New York Times reported on a study by the Migration Policy Institute that says there are no definitive records on criminality among undocumented immigrants.

However, its own analysis found that while they are more likely to commit crime than legal immigrants, they are less likely to commit crime than U.S. citizens.

Next Up

mickey moore driver's license shared

Beleaguered Ward 9 city council candidate loses Strib endorsement

Mickey Moore has faced questions in recent days about where he actually lives.

CDC biohazard scientist health work

New clue may explain how rare tropical disease sickened Minnesotan

The disease, known as melioidosis, killed 2 people earlier this year.

Sen Mark Koran crop

MN lawmaker encourages donations for locals charged in Jan. 6 insurrection

"They are a good family!" Sen. Mark Koran wrote Friday.

money

Money Gal Coaching: Mastering the spiritual parts of money

Kelly Blodgett used her passion behind becoming debt free to launch Money Gal Coaching.

University of minnesota sign

U of M will now require proof that employees have been vaccinated for COVID

Previously, only students were required to be vaccinated.

Jim Hagedorn

Report reveals details about ethics investigation into Rep. Hagedorn

The congressman described the report's findings as "unfounded conclusions."

33462769592_d32f34fd48_k

SkyWest cancels hundreds of flights due to server error

More than 80 have been canceled at MSP Airport.

elk

First elk in more than 100 years spotted in parts of southern WI

The elk population was reintroduced to Wisconsin in recent decades.

grand marais

10 beautiful Minnesota cities to visit for outdoor adventures

These places are perfect for a day trip or a weekend getaway.

Related

What Homeland Security's new policies mean for immigrants in MN illegally

Several Twin Cities churches have extended offers of sanctuary after the new immigration plans were unveiled on Tuesday.

'Sanctuary' communities won't get DOJ money, so will MN be affected?

None of Minnesota's communities consider themselves "sanctuary" – though a few step closer to it than others.

Update: Federal government responds to WA, MN lawsuit; arguments coming Tuesday

The federal government's response called the executive order a "lawful exercise."

Hennepin County isn't happy about being put on Trump's immigration detainer list

Hennepin County appeared on the first list from Homeland Security that picks out law enforcement organizations not complying with federal immigration requests.

In wake of Trump election, MN campuses and churches mull 'sanctuary' status

Protections for immigrants living in the country illegally have been discussed since last month's election.

At least 2 Twin Cities restaurants will close for 'A Day Without Immigrants' boycott

Immigrant workers and businesses across the country are expected to strike on Thursday.

Minneapolis mayor issues warning to Trump on illegal immigrants

Minneapolis Mayor Betsy Hodges has a problem with Donald Trump's plan to withdraw federal funding to "Sanctuary Cities."