We've been told for years that robots are coming for our jobs.
So where exactly are all these automated machines?
The Brookings Institution, using data from the International Federation of Robotics, mapped the number of robots being used by businesses throughout U.S. metro areas.
"Robots, it turns out, are congregating densely in some places but are hardly found in others," the nonprofit public policy institute wrote.
Auto industry hotspots by far have the highest rate of robots compared to the number of human workers, with Michigan, Indiana, Kentucky, Alabama and Ohio ranking toward the top.
How does Minnesota stack up?
There were 3,949 robots being used by private businesses in 2015 – meaning there were 1.6 robots for every 1,000 workers in the state, according to Brookings report.
That's basically middle of the pack, tied at 26th with Utah. (For context, Michigan and Indiana both have more than 7.0 robots per 1,000 workers.)
But where in Minnesota are those robots?
The Twin Cities area has the highest raw number, comprising 2,422 of the state's robots. That's about 1.4 per 1,000 workers, which ranks 177th of all 381 metro areas measured.
Robots are much more concentrated in St. Cloud – there are only 309 of them, but that's 3.1 robots per 1,000 human employees. That ranks about 70th overall.
Mankato is the next-highest, with 107 robots (equaling 2.2 bots per 1,000 workers). Rochester has 143 robots, giving it a ratio of 1.3.
Meanwhile, Duluth is the least "robotic" metro area in Minnesota, with 62 total robots – amounting to 0.6 robots per 1,000 workers in the area.
Gizmodo earlier this year reported on economic research that found one new robot with a job takes away employment for 5.6 humans. So far, the number of robots being used is "relatively few," the research said – but if the rate picks up over the next decade like expected, it could mean a serious hit to almost every major industry.